Bone Grafting After Tooth Extraction At Times Becomes Necessary To Prevent Alveolar Ridge Loss

Bone Grafting After Tooth Extraction At Times Becomes Necessary To Prevent Alveolar Ridge Loss

Dec 06, 2019

In the United States, it is common to notice people having a tooth extracted. Approximately 50% of adults between the ages of 20 and 64 have at least one tooth extracted. In most cases, the pattern of bone healing after the tooth extraction is resorptive, generally leaving defects in the hard and soft tissue in the alveolus without tissue grafting or site preservation. This is a problem for many reasons because the loss of tissue structure in the jaw can directly have an effect on the functional and esthetic outcomes of tooth-borne fixed prosthetics as well as dental implants.

The Meaning of A Bone Graft

Dentistry refers to a bone graft as a procedure that can increase the density and volume of the natural tissue of the jawbone. When performing this treatment, additional bone is introduced in the area where it is deficient. Dentists are routinely recommending bone graft tooth extraction for patients that have chosen a dental implant as an option for the replacement. The procedure is referred to as the ridge preservation graft and is placed into the socket immediately after tooth removal. The material used for the bone grafting prevents the bony walls from caving in to provide a firm and solid foundation for a dental implant in the future. The grafting does not cause any inconvenience to the patient during the extraction as the site is already accessed for the removal of the tooth. The site will need to heal for about 3 to 6 months before an implant can be inserted.

What Materials Are Used For the Bone Grafting?

Dental bone grafting in Berkeley, CA, is offering three types of bone grafts for patients that want to have implants in their mouth after having the tooth extracted. The types of grafts offered are as follows:

  • Autografts in which the material needed are obtained from the patient’s body, which could be the chin or any other part of the jawbone.
  • Allografts where donor tissue from other human sources can be purchased from a licensed bone and tissue bank.
  • Xenografts where the material needed for the graft is obtained from animal sources that are usually bovine or porcine but can also be obtained from a bone and tissue bank.

Can A Tooth Be Extracted Without Bone Grafting?

In many cases, the extraction site loses too much bone after the extraction, particularly if the patient has had a difficult time. Therefore the dentist often recommends a bone graft at the time of the extraction because this option makes patients suitable candidates for implants.

Patients with a missing tooth for an extended period generally experience some bone deterioration. Although there is a method of addressing this issue, the process is extensive as compared to bone graft teeth.

When the ridge of the bone has collapsed because of atrophy, the dentist needs to perform a ridge augmentation. This procedure increases the height, width, and volume of the jaw. If the loss of bone has occurred in the posterior portion of the upper jaw, the maxillary sinuses would have dropped down and occupied the space earlier occupied by the teeth roots. To rectify this issue, a sinus lift needs to be performed. The dentist, in this case, carefully raises the sinus membrane and places a large bone graft beneath to promote tissue regeneration. These procedures can both significantly increase their eligibility of the patient for dental implants.

If you are considering undergoing a tooth extraction, you must understand how a bone graft can preserve your jawbone while improving your oral health. The procedure may appear like an unwanted hassle at the moment of the tooth extraction. However, if you are considering tooth replacements after the extraction, you will require adequate bone structure. You may be undergoing tooth extraction after making every effort to save it. You may only have agreed to the extraction to prevent compromising your oral and overall health. You should, therefore, discuss with the dentist near you about dental bone grafting because the dental team can help you determine whether a bone grafting procedure is indeed necessary at the same time as removing your tooth. Consider the information carefully because it could prepare you for having dental implants in your mouth a few months down the line to restore your smile.

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